The blending of natural processes and human activities over hundreds of years have constructed the poignant landscapes of the Regional Nature Park that we observe today. Nikaj-Mertur’s natural features (high mountains, deep valleys, rivers and forests) are the results of a long local practice in sustainable land use and architecture. One cannot help but notice how the harmony between people and nature is not only written in the landscape, but also embedded in the social fabric of the region. Luckily, the area has not yet suffered from large-scale deforestation, intensive agriculture, pollution and other negative impacts of modernity. On the contrary, Nikaj-Mertur presents travelers with the rare opportunity to experience one of the last places in Albania that have not been touched by rampant development.
In general, the landscape here can be compared to that of the neighboring Valbona Valley National Park or Theth National Park. However, Nikaj-Mertur stands out from its neighbors due to the sharp contrasts found in the landscape. The lower areas of the park's territory, which go up to the beech forest belt, are populated and include land terraces, scattered farms, and vast coppice forests. The upper area of the park is covered in beech forests and remains virtually untouched.
Curraj i Eperm (“Upper Curraj” in English) is a completely isolated valley in the north of the region and is a must-see site for anyone visiting. Surrounded by high peaks and without any road or electricity access, Curraj i Eperm was once a valley used for local agriculture that for many years had been completely abandoned. It was not until 2014 that residents began returning with the sole purpose of welcoming tourists to this rare valley. The number of residents returning seems to be increasing with every year that passes.